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Danh mục các chữ viết tắt dùng trong thương mại quốc tế

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  • #425397 24/05/2016

    eyestorm
    Top 500
    Male
    Lớp 2

    Tây Ninh, Việt Nam
    Tham gia:10/07/2013
    Tổng số bài viết (215)
    Số điểm: 3127
    Cảm ơn: 8
    Được cảm ơn 98 lần


    Danh mục các chữ viết tắt dùng trong thương mại quốc tế

    Nhiều bạn sinh viên luật khi phải học môn luật hợp đồng thương mại quốc tế, tập quán thương mại quốc tế hay môn Logistic rất "khó nuốt" với các thuật ngữ chuyên ngành logistic, mà lại còn viết tắt.

    Sau đây là bảng danh mục một vài từ viết tắt thông dụng (thông thường các hợp đồng và chứng từ đều được lập bằng tiếng Anh nên việc dịch nó ra là không cần thiết và đôi khi khiến mình hiểu sai nghĩa của thuật ngữ, nên mình để từ gốc của nó luôn, khi học chắc chắn thầy, cô cũng dùng thuật ngữ gốc của nó thôi :) ) mà mình sưu tầm được. 

     

    A

     

    AA

     Always Afloat

    AAAA

     Always Accessible Always Afloat

    AARA

     Amsterdam-Antwerp-Rotterdam Area

    ABT

     About

    ADCOM

     Address Commission

    AFSPS

     Arrival First Sea Pilot Station (Norway)

    AFFREIGHTMENT

     The hiring of a ship in whole or part

    AFT

     At or towards the stern or rear of a ship

    AGW

     All Going Well

    AHL

     Australian Hold Ladders

    ANTHAM

     Antwerp-Hamburg Range

    APS

     Arrival Pilot Station

    ARAG

     Amsterdam-Rotterdam–Antwerp-Ghent Range

    A/S

     Alongside

    ATDNSHINC

     Any Time Day or Night Sundays and Holidays Included

    ATUTC

     Actual Times Used to Count

    B

     

    BAF

     Bunker Adjustment Factor. A Fuel Surcharge expressed as a percentage added or subtracted from the freight amount reflecting the movement in the market place price for bunkers.

    BALLAST

     Heavy weight, often sea water, necessary for the stability and safety of a ship which is not carrying cargo.

    BAREBOAT

     Bareboat Charter Owners lease a specific ship and control its technical management and commercial operations only.

    BBB

     Before Breaking Bulk

    BDI

     Both Dates Inclusive

    BENDS

     Both Ends (Load & Discharge Ports)

    BI

     Both Inclusive

    BIMCO

     The Baltic and International Maritime Council

    BL

     Bale

    BL

     (Bill of Lading) A document signed by the carrier which acts as a receipt and evidence of title to the cargo.

    BM

     Beam

    BEAM

     The maximum breadth of a ship

    BOB

     Bunker on Board

    BOFFER

     Best Offer

    BROB

     Bunkers Remaining on Board

    BSS

     Basis

    BSS

     Basis 1 Port to 1 Port

    BT

     Berth Terms

    BUNDLING

     This is the assembly of pieces of cargo, secured into one manageable unit. This is a very flexible description; a rule of thumb is to present cargo at a size easily handled by a large (20 ton) fork lift truck.

    BUNKERS

     Name given for vessels Fuel and Diesel Oil supplies (Originates from coal bunkers)

    BWAD

     Brackish Water Arrival Draft

     

     

    C

     

    CBM

     Cubic Meter

    CBFT

     Cubic Feet

    CFR

     Cost and Freight

    CHOPT

     Charterers Option

    CHTRS

     Charterers

    CIF

     Cost, Insurance & Freight. Seller pays all these costs to a nominated port or place of discharge.

    COA

     Contract of Affreightment Owners agree to accept a cost per revenue ton for cargo carried on a specific number of voyages.

    COACP

     Contract of Affreightment Charter Party

    COB

     Close of Business

    COD

     Cash On Delivery

    COGSA

     Carriage of Goods by Sea Act

    CONS

     Consumption

    COP

     Custom Of Port

    CP

     Charter Party

    CPD

     Charterers Pay Dues

    CPT

     Carriage Paid To

    CQD

     Customary Quick Dispatch

    CROB

     Cargo Remaining on Board

    CRN

     Crane

    CST

     Centistoke

    CTR

     Container Fitted

     

     

    D

     

    DAPS

     Days all Purposes (Total days for loading & discharging)

    DDU

     Delivered Duty unpaid.

    DDP

     Delivered Duty Paid.

    DEM

     Demurrage

    DESP

     Dispatch

    DET

     Detention

    DHDATSBE

     Dispatch Half Demurrage on Working Time Saved Both Ends

    DISCH

     Discharge

    DK

     Deck

    DLOSP

     Dropping Last Outwards Sea Pilot (Norway)

    DO

     Diesel Oil

    DOLSP

     Dropping Off Last Sea Pilot (Norway)

    DOP

     Dropping Outward Pilot

    DOT

     Department of Transport

    DNRSAOCLONL

     Discountless and Non-Returnable Ship and/or Cargo Lost or Not Lost

    DRAFT

     Depth to which a ship is immersed in water. The depth varies according to the design of the ship and will be greater or lesser depending not only on the weight of the ship and everything on board, but also on the density of the water in which the ship is lying.

    DRK

     Derrick

    DUNNAGE

     Materials of various types, often timber or matting, placed among the cargo for separation, and hence protection from damage, for ventilation and, in the case of certain cargoes, to provide space in which the forks of a lift truck may be inserted.

    DWAT

     Deadweight. Weight of cargo, stores and water, i.e. the difference between lightship and loaded displacement.

    E

     

    EC

     East Coast

    EIU

     Even if Used

    ELVENT

     Electric Ventilation

    ETA

     Estimated Time of Arrival

    ETC

     Estimated Time of Completion

    ETD

     Estimated Time of Departure

    ETS

     Estimated Time of Sailing

    EXW

     Ex Works

    F

     

    FAS

     Free Alongside Ship. Seller delivers goods to appropriate dock or terminal at port of embarkation and buyer covers costs and risks of loading.

    FD

     Free of Dispatch

    FDD

     Freight Demurrage Deadfreight

    FDIS

     Free Discharge

    FEU

     Forty foot container equivalency unit Standard 40′ Container

    FHEX

     Fridays/Holidays Excluded

    FHINC

     Fridays/Holidays Included

    FILO

     carrier pays for discharge costs.

    FIO

     Free In/Out. Freight booked FIO includes the sea freight, but no loading/discharging costs, i.e. the charterer pays for cost of loading and discharging cargo.

    FIOS

     Free In/Out Stowed. As per FIO, but includes stowage costs.

    FIOT

     Free In/Out and Trimmed. As per FIOS but includes trimming the leveling of bulk cargoes

    FIOSLSD

     Free In/Out Stowed, Lashed, Secured and Dunnaged. As per FIO, but includes cost of lashing securing and dunnaging cargo to Masters satisfaction.

    FIOST

     Free In/Out and Trimmed. Charterer pays for cost of loading/discharging cargo, including stowage and trimming.

    FIT

     Free In Trimmed

    FIW

     Free In Wagon

    FIXING

     Chartering a Vessel

    FLT

     Full Liner Terms Shipowner pays to load and discharge the cargo

    FMC

     Federal Maritime Commission US government agency

    FMS

     6 feet

    FO

     Fuel Oil/Intermediate FO

    FOB

     Free on Board. Seller sees the goods “over the ship’s rail” on to the ship which is arranged and paid for by the buyer

    FOFFER

     Firm Offer

    FOG

     For Our Guidance

    FOQ

     Free On Quay

    FOR

     Free On Rail

    FORCE

     Clause limiting responsibilities of the charterers, shippers and receivers due to events beyond their control.

    FOT

     Free On Truck

    FOW

     First Open Water

    FOW

     Free On Wharf

    FREE

     Free of discharge costs to Owners

    FWAD

     Fresh Water Arrival Draft

    FWDD

     Fresh Water Departure Draft

    FYG

     For Your Guidance

    FYI

     For Your Information

    G

     

    GA

     General Average

    GLS

     Gearless

    GNCN

     Gencon a standard BIMCO charter party form

    GN

     Grain (capacity)

    GO

     Gas Oil

    GRD

     Geared

    GRT

     Gross Registered Tonnage

    GSB

     Good Safe Berth

    GSP

     Good Safe Port

    GTEE

     Guarantee

     

     

    H

     

    2H

     Second Half

    HA

     Hatch

    HDWTS

     Half Dispatch Working Time Saved

    HMS

     Heavy Metal Scrap

    HO

     Hold

    HW

     High Water

     

     

    I

     

    IMDG

     International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code

    IMO

     International Maritime Organization

    IND

     Indication

    INTERMODAL

     Carriage of a commodity by different modes of transport, i.e. sea, road, rail and air within a single journey.

    ITF

     International Transport Federation international body that regulates crewing of ships

    IU

     If Used

    IUATUTC

     If Used, Actual Time Used To Count

    IUHATUTC

     If Used, Half Actual Time Used To Count

    IWL

     Institute Warranty Limits

     

     

    L

     

    LANE

     A method of measuring the space capacity of Ro/Ro ships whereby each unit of space (Linear Meter) is represented by an area of deck 1.0 meter in length x 2.0 meters in width.

    LASH

     To hold goods in position by use of Ropes, Wires, Chains or Straps etc.

    LASH

     Lighter Aboard Ship a vessel that loads small barges direct from the water

    LAT

     Latitude

    LOA

     Length Overall of the vessel

    LOW

     Last Open Water

    LS

     Lumpsum

    LSD

     Lashed Secured Dunnaged

    LT

     Liner Terms

    LW

     Low Water

    LYCN

     Laycan (Layday Canceling Date)

     

     

    M

     

    MB

     Merchant Broker

    MDO

     Marine Diesel Oil

    MIN/MAX

     Minimum/Maximum (cargo quantity)

    MOLCHOPT

     More or Less Charterers Option

    MOLOO

     More or Less Owners Option

    MT

     Metric Ton (i.e. 1,000 kilos / 2204.6lbs)

    M/V

     Motor Vessel

    N

     

    NAABSA

     Not Always Afloat But Safely Aground

    NCB

     National Cargo Bureau

    NESTING

     Implies that cargo is presented stacked in the contour of similarly shaped cargo, it may be likened to a stack of plates.

    NON-REVERSIBLE

     (Detention). If loading completed sooner than expected, then saved days will not be added to discharge time allowed.

    NOR

     Notice of Readiness

    NRT

     Net Registered Tonnage

    NYPE

     New York Produce Exchange

     

     

    O

     

    OO

     Owners Option

    OSH

     Open Shelter Deck

    OWS

     Owners

     

     

    P

     

    PASTUS

     Past Us

    PC

     Period of Charter

    PCGO

     Part Cargo

    PCT

     Percent

    PDPR

     Per Day Pro Rata

    PERDIEM

     By the Day

    PHPD

     Per Hatch Per Day

    PRATIQUE

     License or permission to use a port

     

     

    R

     

    RCVR

     Receivers

    REVERSIBLE

     If loading completed sooner than expected at load port, then days saved can be added to discharge operations.

    ROB

     Remaining On Board

    RT

     Revenue Ton (i.e. 1.0 metric Ton or 1.0 cubic meter, whichever is greater). The overall RT is calculated on a line by line basis of the Packing List using the largest amount. The overall freight liability is calculated on the total RT amount, multiplied by the freight rate.

     

     

    S

     

    SATPM

     Saturday P.M.

    SB

     Safe Berth

    SD

     Single Decker

    SEAFREIGHT

     Costs charged for transporting goods over the sea. This does not cover any haulage or loading/discharging costs but the sea transport only.

    SELFD

     Self Discharging

    SF

     Stowage factor. Cubic space occupied by one ton (2,240 lbs/1,000 kgs) of cargo.

    SHINC

     Sundays/Holidays Included

    SHEX

     Sundays/Holidays Excluded

    SKIDS

     Are bearers (timber or steel) positioned under cargo to enable fork lift handling at port, and for ease of rigging and lashing on board ship.

    SL

     Bale (capacity)

    SOC

     Shipper Owned Container

    SOF

     Statement Of Facts

    SP

     Safe Port

    SRBL

     Signing and Releasing Bill of Lading

    SSHEX

     Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Excluded

    SSHINC

     Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Included

    (or

    (or SATSHINC)

    STABILITY

     It is paramount that a vessel is stable in all respects at all times. When cargo is loaded / discharged, the stability is monitored by a computer, which takes into account the weight and position of cargo within the vessel.

    STARBOARD

     Right side of a ship when facing the bow

    STEM

     Subject To Enough Merchandise (Availability of Cargo)

    STERN

     The aft part of a ship

    SUB

     Subject (to)

    SUPERCARGO

     Person employed by a ship owner, shipping company, charterer of a ship or shipper of goods to supervise cargo handling operations. Often called a port captain.

    SWAD

     Salt Water Arrival Draft

    SWDD

     Salt Water Departure Draft

     

     

    T

     

    TC

     Time Charter Owners agree to hire a particular ship for a set length of time

    TEU

     Twenty Foot Equivalency Unit Standard 20′ Container

    TTL

     Total

    TW

     Tween Decker

     

     

    U

     

    USC

     Unless Sooner Commenced

    UU

     Unless Used

    UUIUATUTC

     Unless Used If Used Actual Time Used To Count

    V

     

    VPD

     Vessel Pays Dues

     

     

    W

     

    WCCON

     Whether Customs Cleared Or Not

    WIBON

     Whether In Berth Or Not

    WIFPON

     Whether In Free Pratique or not

    WIPON

     Whether In Port Or Not

    WLTOHC

     WLTOHC (distance) Water Line-To-Hatch Coaming

    WOG

     Without Guarantee

    WPD

     Weather Permitting Day

    WWD

     Weather Working Day

    WRIC

     Wire Rods In Coils

    WWR

     When, Where Ready

    WWWW

     Wibon, Wccon, Wifpon, Wipon

     

     

    Y

     

    YAR

     York Antwerp Rules

     

    Các bạn còn biết thêm từ nào phổ biến nhưng chưa được liệt kê thì bổ sung cho mình nha. :)

    Cập nhật bởi eyestorm ngày 24/05/2016 11:05:21 SA

    Hãy theo đuổi sự ưu tứu, thành công sẽ theo đuổi bạn !

     
    12593 | Báo quản trị |  

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